How to check the driver voltage (BCN3D Sigmax)

 

Tools  
multimeter-1
Multimeter
phillips-screwdriver-01
Fine flat screwdriver
phillips-screwdriver-01
Watchmaker screwdriver

 

Warning! This is an advanced guide, if you have any questions about it feel free to ask us by filling up this form.

 

If you find any strange behavior in the movement of your BCN3D Sigma, it's likely that the stepper motor driver boards are not sending the correct signals. Checking their voltage is a good way to see if that's the issue or not. 

 

On all drivers there's a built-in potentiometer that can be adjusted to increase or decrease the voltage. This is marked with a blue circle in the pictures below. Depending on the model you have, the drivers have different settings:

 

driver-r19-1 driver-r17-1
Checking R19 Drivers Checking R17 Drivers

 

Note: The driver has to be connected to the printer or to an external power supply in order to check and calibrate their voltage.


R17 Drivers:

1. With the tester set on DC Voltage mode, put a pin on the GND connector (Blue) and the other to the voltage output (Red)

driver-r17-4

2. Depending on the value shown in the multimeter's display, adjust the potentiometer with a fine flat or philips screwdriver until the following values are reached:

 

Driver Type Voltage Value
X motor 1.2V
Y motor 1.4V
Z motor 1.4V
Extruder Motor 1.4V

 

Note: The tolerance for these settings is ±0.01V.

Tip: You can unscrew the drivers from their place while the flat cables are connected to have a better access to them and make the checking easier.


R19 Drivers

1. With the tester set on DC Voltage mode, put a pin on the GND connector (Blue) and the other to the voltage output (Red)

driver-r19-4

2. Depending on the value shown in the multimeter's display, adjust the potentiometer (it has a silver coloured, little screw on it's side) with a watchmaker screwdriver until the following values are reached:

 

Driver Type Voltage Value
X motor 1.2V
Y motor 1.4V
Z motor 1.4V
Extruder Motor 1.4V

 

Note: The tolerance for these settings is ±0.01V.

Tip: You can unscrew the drivers from their place while the flat cables are connected to have a better access to them and make the checking easier.

 

Conclusions:

If you see the reading is 5.00V or 0.00V, the driver board should be replaced, learn how to do it in the following links:

Replace the X Y and Z driver

Replace the Extruder motor driver 

 

Forum Community

This article doesn't fix your issue? Check out our forum community for more info about this.

 

It's important to keep your printer in good shape to make the most out of it. In this chart you can find a list of the extruder maintenace procedures and how frequently these should be done. Maintenance Plan

 

bcn3d-recycle  Take your e-waste to a certified recycler. Check how we do it in BCN3D.

 

Parts   Buy these parts
driver-r19-bcn3d BCN3D Sigma/Sigmax YZE stepper driver board kit SKU 11931
driver-r19-bcn3d-x BCN3D Sigma/Sigmax X stepper driver board kit SKU 11930


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check flat cable eng check mainboard fuse eng

 

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