How to fix first layer issues

All you need to know to have a good performance since the first layer





Warping, print not sticking to the bed... There are many first layer issues that can affect the final quality of your print. In this article, we will focus on the adhesion issues that can cause your print to have a poor quality, or even losing it. 


Note: This is an extension of the Learning article "3D Print not Sticking to Bed: 6 Solutions" if you want to check it out, click on the link below:

3D Print not Sticking to Bed: 6 Solutions


This article will go a bit more in-depth on how to fix this issue.

What are the first layer issues and why those happen

Mainly, there are two types of first layer issues: Warping and wrong Z calibration, sometimes warping can be a sign of a wrong Z axis calibration. You can spot this when you see the first layer is not stuck enough on the printing surface or the print curls up after some time. 

This can happen mostly when the distance between the nozzle and the build plate is too high, but there are many points that can also make this happen, from the BCN3D Cura configuration itself to hardware issues with the hotbed. We will take a look at all the points that cause this in the next point. 


How to fix it

As said above, there are a lot of points to look at when you are having trouble in getting your first layer just right, we will list them here. Try to follow them in order, if a point doesn't fix your issue, go to the next one until you solve it.

1: Calibrate the Z height of both heads

Make sure the nozzle distance is right by calibrating the Z height, go to Utilities/Calibration/Printer Calibration, and follow the steps that the screen shows. These articles will help you get it in the sweet spot:

Hotends calibration (BCN3D Epsilon)

Setup and Calibration (BCN3D Sigmax)

Setup and Calibration (BCN3D Sigma)


2: Choose the right adhesive

Every material is different and has different properties, this also translates to adhesive compatibility. For example, Magigoo Original works great for PLA and ABS, but it's not so good at sticking on PA. Check out each filament tutorial to find the right adhesive for each filament. 

Standard Technical Composites

3: Make sure the printing surface is hot enough

Some materials will need a certain temperature in order to stick on the printing surface. Check that the printing surface is at that temperature. As a tip, let the printing surface heat up about 5 minutes before printing to ensure the build plate has an even temperature. If the print still pops off from the build plate, try raising the temperature in 5ºC steps until the print sticks properly. If the bed temperature is too high, you'll notice a printing issue called "elephant's foot", try to find the sweet spot for the bed temperature.



Note: The default settings for our BCN3D filaments have been tailored for good quality and reliable results, and are fully tested by our laboratory.


If you see that the printing surface is not hot enough, doesn't heat up or suddenly stops heating mid-print, check out this article:

Hotbed issues and how to fix them (Epsilon Series / Sigma Series)

Hotbed issues and how to fix them (BCN3D Sigmax)

Hotbed issues and how to fix them (BCN3D Sigma)


4. Some materials need a warm build volume

ABS, PA, PP, and PPGF30 have a high contraction ratio, this makes them likely to warp up if they are cooled unevenly. This generates the need of an enclosed build volume. Try preheating the bed for 30 minutes before printing with those materials to ensure a warm environment and prevent warping. 


Forum community 

Need more tips? Check out our forum community for help.


It's important to keep your printer in good shape to make the most out of it. In this chart, you can find a list of the extruder maintenance procedures and how frequently these should be done. 

Maintenance Plan (Epsilon Series)

Maintenance Plan (Sigma Series)

Maintenance Plan (BCN3D Sigmax)

Maintenance Plan (BCN3D Sigma)


bcn3d-recycle  Take your e-waste to a certified recycler. Check how we do it in BCN3D.



calibrate printing surface eng


calibrate hotend eng



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